"Formally, recognition involves establishing the value of a qualification that is confirmed by the competent authorities and assigning any assessment completed elsewhere the same legal effect as that associated with the qualification whose legal effect is being sought. In practical terms, recognition means that the recognising university treats the coursework and assessments completed elsewhere as if they had been completed while studying at its own establishment. Nexus glossary of the German Rectors' Conference (HRK)
Study and Examination regulations
The study and examination regulations of each degree programmes offered at the Faculty of Arts and Humanities set forth the options available for having study periods, coursework and assessments recognised.
Generally, recognition can be granted for study periods, coursework and assessments completed at other state or state-recognised higher education institutions through successful participation in a corresponding long distance unit of study as part of a degree programme at a state or state-recognised higher education institution in the Federal Republic of Germany, in degree programmes at higher education institutions abroad or in a different degree programme at the University of Passau. The same goes for study periods, coursework and assessments completed at a state or state-recognised higher education institution in Bavaria within the scope of other degree programmes and in special degree programmes or at Virtuelle Hochschule Bayern (vhb). In addition, competences (learning outcomes) may be eligible for recognition if earned within the scope of other advanced study courses or outside of higher education institutions. Art. 63 of the Bavarian Higher Education Act (BayHSchG) ('Recognition of competences') (only in German) is the main legal basis for this.
According to the Lisbon Convention (only in German), recognition shall be granted (from abroad) on the basis of the knowledge and skills acquired unless a substantial difference can be demonstrated to exist between the study periods, coursework and examinations to be recognised and the module of the degree programme in which recognition is sought. A substantial difference exists when recognition would jeopardise achievement of the purpose sought by such recognition. Therefore, the recognition procedure also looks into whether recognising the relevant study periods, coursework and assessments may prevent the student from continuing to study, conduct research or work successfully. The notion of the substantial difference has replaced the equivalence principle which had been applicable in earlier agreements.
Study periods, coursework and assessments completed at another university in the Federal Republic of Germany, outside a university or in a different degree programme offered by the University of Passau are recognised in line with these requirements.
The person responsible for the relevant module recognises study periods as well as coursework and assessments completed abroad, at a different university in the Federal Republic of Germany, outside a university or in a different degree programme offered by the University of Passau when you submit an application.
The module catalogue of your degree programme is used to check for substantial differences in the qualifications submitted for recognition. The following criteria are considered: quality (hosting university/degree programme/course), level (bachelor's/master's), learning outcomes (requirements to continue studying), contents (ECTS points) and profile (correspondence of the profile with the degree programme offered at the University of Passau) of the relevant coursework and assessments. However, the main focus is placed on learning outcomes that have been achieved, i.e. the competences and skills acquired. Inconsistencies in quantitative terms, such a difference in the ECTS points earned, are usually no reason to deny recognition. Recognition is granted when no substantial differences are identified.
Recognition from abroad
An understanding concerning the recognition of study periods, coursework and assessments completed abroad should be reached ahead of time with the University of Passau in the form of learning agreements. Where a unique learning agreement has been signed with the person responsible for the relevant module, all the agreed and completed coursework and assessments must be recognised without reservation after your return. The conclusion of learning agreements is also recommended when you pursue studies abroad outside the Erasmus+ (only in German) programme. Please note that any change in your recognition needs during your stay abroad will require your learning agreements to be modified.
Mandatory conversion of grades for the coursework and assessments completed abroad is ensured by the programme co-ordinators.
On submission of ECTS credits for study periods, the following scenarios can be distinguished for accrediting study periods:
1. Recognition of coursework and assessments when changing from one degree programme to another:
One option, which is of particular relevance when switching to a different degree programme within the University of Passau or from outside the University of Passau, is the accreditation of coursework and assessments completed prior to being admitted to your current degree programme. Advanced standing of one regular semester is granted for ever 25 officially recognised ECTS credits.
2. Coursework and assessments completed in a regular semester:
For example, if you decide not to request leave of absence for a semester you spend studying abroad because you wish to sit assessments at the University of Passau during this time, the semester count will continue without interruption, regardless of how many ECTS credits you earn in that semester. This, incidentally, also applies if (in the exceptional case) you earn more than the envisaged 30 ECTS credits per semester.
3. Coursework and assessments completed during a semester's leave of absence:
When you are on leave for a semester, you are not permitted to sit examinations for the first time during that semester. However, you are allowed to sit examinations at the host university within the scope of a study stay abroad and have them recognised for your curriculum in Passau. The semester during which you are on leave will not be counted as a regular semester. However, if at least 25 ECTS credits are earned within the scope of the subsequent recognition of assessments, a regular semester will be added to the count. Recognised ECT credits will be added up for all the semesters. Thus, for example, if 10 ECTS credits have already been recognised and this recognition has not lead to advanced standing and then further prior learning is recognised in another semester, as a result of which at least another 15 ECTS credits are added, the sum total of credits earned will result in an advanced standing of one regular semester.
4. Failing to pass repeat coursework or assessments:
Repeating failed coursework and assessments, regardless of whether the coursework or assessments were held in a regular semester or in a semester on leave, will not affect the point count and may be disregarded in respect of any advanced standing.