Narrative, Expectation, Experience: Disability in contemporary European theatre and film
Duration: June 2020 - May 2023
The aim of the project is to systematise theatre performances and films, in which people with real disabilities take part, with the help of a description model that regards itself as complementary to the usual difference-theoretical approaches in Disability Studies. The model includes three analysis levels: Narrative (as the context in which disability is placed), expectation (as the classification which disability receives via normality requirements) and experience (as a reaction to the confrontation with disability). The prioritisation which potentially puts performances and films on one level, and also the interplay of the three levels, will give information on the image of disability communicated through the aesthetic texts. This image will in particular be aligned with characteristics of the diversity category “disability”. Disability, according to the hypothesis, differs from other diversity categories through commonality, negativity, specific heterogeneity and specific ambivalence.
The performances and films in which the three analysis levels – particularly ambivalence – are presented, will form the basis for theoretical reflexion. Furthermore, they will demonstrate the potential of aesthetic texts regarding core topics of Disability Studies, in particular the relationship of diversity and inclusion as well as the meaning of ambivalence for the images of disability in theatre performances and films. In this way, media-specific characteristics of the texts will be explored for their potential to create ambivalence and to deal with it, e.g. the “hic et nunc” of the stage and/or the cutting and editing technique of film.
The focus of the analyses lies in the countries Spain and France, although in the theory part also other European productions will be incorporated for comparison, and during the time from 1990 to date.
The project is made up of three subprojects which have the following aims:
1. to describe disability in theatre performances and films using the key terms narrative, expectation and experience, and to introduce the range of images of people with disability;
2. to observe the interplay between narrative, expectation and experience and thereby to highlight the creation or repression of ambivalences;
3. to highlight the opportunity of theatre performances and films to deal with the characteristics of the diversity category “disability”;
4. using the findings of the individual analyses as well as the representation of ambivalence, to highlight the contribution of theatre and film scientific analysis for fundamental issues of Disability Studies, of which the concept of diversity and inclusion should be particularly mentioned.
The research results should be presented to a wide public in such a way that inclusion opportunities also become clear in a scientific context.
What images and concepts of disability exist in literature, theatre and the audiovisual arts? And are there significant differences between different countries?
How can models (sociological, pedagogical, philosophical etc.) of disability be included in the analysis of literary texts?
What are the characteristics exhibited by the literary processing of images and concepts of disability (compared to the sociological, pedagogical, philosophical etc.)?
What are the characteristics of the diversity category “disability” and what insights drawn from them are applicable to other diversity categories and/or discussions on diversity in general?
Also see the video: Susanne Hartwig, "How is Disability Portrayed in Contemporary Culture?".
- Feature film, documentary film, cartoon film
- Performances of inclusive theatre
- Graphic novel
- Novel and fictionalised autobiography
- Focus: end of 20th century and the 21st century
- Texts from Spain, France, Germany, Switzerland and Latin America
- planned: 13 - 15 July 2022: Interdisciplinary conference “Comic representations of disability: regarding inclusion and exclusion”
- 25/26 November 2021: Workshop Internacional "Functional diversity and its representation in contemporary theatre creation: Images of old age", Madrid
- 6 - 8 October 2021: Interdisciplinary conference “Laughing communities? Comedy and disability at the interface between aesthetics and sociology”
- 12/13 November 2020: Workshop - Universidad Carlos III de Madrid "Representations of disability from a gender perspective" (Direction: Prof.Dr. Julio Checa)
- 22 November 2019: Presentation of the series “Images of Disability” and the publication ¿Discapacidad? Literatura, teatro y cine hispánicos vistos desde los disability studies. Workshop “Disability and creativity: the boundaries of fiction (UniversidadCarlos III de Madrid/Spain)
- 12 Oktober 2019: "Undoing Disability im Inklusiven Theater" auf dem Seminar "La malattia che cura il teatro" (Bolzano/Italy)
- 7 - 8 October 2019: Interdisciplinary conference “Disability. Cultural studies approaches”
- 16 March 2019: International colloquium “Diversity and inclusion in Europe and Latin America”(UCP, La Habana/Cuba)
- November 2018: International congress “Inclusion, integration, differentiation: Disability in literature, cinema and performing arts”
- March 2017: Section I 2 “Representing disability” at the 21st German Hispanists Day in Munich (together with Prof. Dr Julio Checa)
Programm des Hispanistentags.
- Reihe Images of Disability. Literature, Scenic, Visual, and Virtual Arts/Imágenes de la diversidad funcional. Literatura, artes escénicas, visuales y virtuales, Berlin/Bern/Bruxelles/New York/Oxford/Warszawa/Wien: Peter Lang, hg. von Susanne Hartwig und Julio Checa. Link zur Reihe Images of Disability.
- Bd. 1: Julio Checa/Susanne Hartwig (Hg.), ¿Discapacidad? Literatura, teatro y cine hispánicos vistos desde los disability studies, Berlin/Bern/Bruxelles/New York/Oxford/Warszawa/Wien: Peter Lang 2018. Open access: Link zu ¿Discapacidad? Literatura, teatro y cine hispánicos vistos desde los disability studies.
- Bd. 2: Susanne Hartwig (Hg.), Inclusión, integración, diferenciación. La diversidad funcional en la literatura, el cine y las artes escénicas, Berlin/Bern/Bruxelles/New York/Oxford/Warszawa/Wien: Peter Lang. Open access: Link zu Inclusion, integración, diferenciación. La diversidad funcional en la literatura, el cine y las artes escénicas.
Bd. 3: Javier Velloso/David Navarro/Alba Gómez (Hg.), Ficciones y límites. La diversidad funcional en las artes escénicas, la literatura, el cine y el arte sonoro, Berlin/Bern/Bruxelles/New York/Oxford/Warszawa/Wien: Peter Lang
In Vorbereitung: Bd. 4: Susanne Hartwig (Hg.), Together/Gemeinsam. Partizipation kognitiv beeinträchtigter Menschen auf europäischen Bühnen/Participation of people with learning disability on European theatre stages. Berlin/Bern/Bruxelles/New York/Oxford/Warszawa/Wien: Peter Lang 2021
- Susanne Hartwig (Hg.), Behinderung. Kulturwissenschaftliches Handbuch, Berlin: Metzler 2021.
- Weitere Artikel zum Forschungsschwerpunkt Images of Disability.
- 2019: student excursion to Kuba, topic "Diversidad e inclusión en Cuba".
- 2017: guest lecture and workshop with Dr. David Ojeda (Regisseur of Palmyra Teatro/Alcalá de Henares) with students of the advanced seminar "Diversidad funcional (disability)", with focus on Latin America.
- 2017: lecture during the "Semana de la accesibilidad" in the Museo Reina Sofía (Madrid, 01.12.2017), together with Dr. David Ojeda.
Programme of the "Semana de la accesibilidad".
- 2016: guest lecture and workshop with Dr. David Ojeda (Regisseur des Palmyra Teatro/Alcalá de Henares) with students of the advanced seminar "Diversidad funcional (disability)", with focus on Spain.
What specific contribution does literature make to ethical questions, both in a thematic and also a systematic respect?
How does (semi)fictional literature process current ethical issues?
- Novel, narrative
- Main focus: 21st century
- Texts from Latin America and Spain
- 7 - 9 May 2021: International congress “Contingency and morality. The stranger/the strange from the perspective of fiction”
- January 2018: International congress “Diversity – in culture, in fiction, in morality?”
- October 2015: International conference “What is and what should be. Moral dilemmas of the 20th century from the perspective of literature and the performing arts”
- October 2012: International Colloquium “Cult of evil, culture of evil. Reality – Virtuality– Representation”
- Tagungsband: Susanne Hartwig (Hg.), Culto del mal, cultura del mal. Realidad, virtualidad, representación, Frankfurt a. M.: Vervuert/Madrid: Iberoamericana 2014.
- Tagungsband: Susanne Hartwig (Hg.), Ser y deber ser. Dilemas morales y conflictos éticos del siglo XX vistos a través de la ficción, Frankfurt a. M.: Vervuert/Madrid: Iberoamericana 2017.
- Tagungsband: Susanne Hartwig (Hg.), Diversidad cultural - ficcional - ¿moral?, Frankfurt a. M.: Vervuert/Madrid: Iberoamericana 2018.
- Weitere Artikel zum Forschungsschwerpunkt Ética y literatura.
- Textual, literary, and communication theories, particularly the theory of theatre and narratology
- Cognition and emotion theories in literary studies and cultural studies
- Contemporary theatre (especially Spain) and European contemporary cinema
- The contemporary novel (particularly Spanish and Portuguese speaking Latin America)
- Literary studies and mathematics/natural sciences